P          -           politics

E          -           economics/economy

S          -           social aspect

T          -           technology

E          -           environmental

L          -           legal issues


2.5.1 Politic issues:

  • The school is working well with the politicians though there has been limited local political support.
  • Free Education was a political party manifesto.
  • The Constituency Development Fund (C.D.F) emanated from parliament and has given support to some school projects.
  • Parents delay in paying fees having assumptions that education is free due to political pronouncements.
  • Political apathy towards education.


2.5.2 Economic issues:

  • The region’s slow economic growth has affected school fee payment.
  • High inflation has affected community’s income.
  • The students come from low income families who rarely pay fees in time.
  • High taxation on teaching, learning resources and construction materials. 
  • High inflation leading to low economic ability and morale among staff hence some resorting to running businesses. 


2.5.3 Social issues:

  • There is a good relationship. However there are activities within the community that impact negatively, i.e Burial and dances, male and female relationships and child abuse.
  • Drugs and substance abuse on the rise.
  • Poverty has led to student employment, early pregnancies and marriages, truancy, absenteeism and dropout.
  • Poor living conditions at home are not conducive for studying.
  • HIV and AIDS pandemic have affected the community.
  • Poor attitude towards work by some staff and students.


2.5.4 Technological issues:

  • The school is at an average level though technological developments like the use and spread of mobile phones and the internet have taken a toll on learning.
  • Information Technology has various effects. The internet is a source of information but has also been misused and is destructive while some people are computer illiterate.
  • Use of photo printers has made workload lighter, hence more evaluations tests given while processing of results is made easier and faster.
  • Communication improved through the use of latest technology e.g. whatsapp and bulk mail.


2.5.5 Environmental issues:

  • It is averagely favourable.
  • The land is rugged while the soil structure is poor and weak and sometimes difficult to use.
  • Our catchment area is for low income earners, fee payment is inadequate yet these students are provided with quality education.
  • The surrounding affects learning, especially the village dances that day scholars attend.
  • Amenities like health facilities close to the institution are a positive resource.
  • The neighboring schools offer healthy competition.
  • Noise pollution by -funeral dirges affect learning.


2.5.6 Legal issues:

  • Frequent change of government policies creates inconsistency e.g. ban on school programs in term 3 and later, in late term 2, corporal punishment, mock examinations and extra tuition.
  • Entrenchment of child’s rights enables children to come to school and minimizes child labor while also encouraging irresponsible children to develop indiscipline, truancy and dropout.
  • Establishment of B.O.M and P.A to aid in school management.
  • Establishment of T.S.C as an Act of Parliament controls the recruitment of teachers therefore staffing is the prerogative of the commission.
  • Insistence by TSC that all teachers must have Degree certificates and be authorized by TSC at times hampers teaching/learning especially in subjects where trained staff are unavailable.
  • B.O.M employment of teachers as per TSC policy is very costly to the school.
  • The Education Act 1968 assigns management of secondary schools to B.O.M without giving any role to parents through the P.A. hence less commitment and ownership.




  • School fees
  • FDSE
  • Bursaries
  • CDF
  • Well wishers
  • Sponsors

The finances have been inadequate and dwindling hence making it difficult to run the school well.


2.6.1 Ways of securing future funding

Through the use of proposals.

Partnership with other institutions.

Fund raising.

Income generating activities (green house), sheep rearing, barber shop, school canteen, tree nursery, etc.



  1. The title deed
  2. The kitchen and dining hall
  3. School bus
  4. Twin staff houses.
  5. Library with ICT.
  6. Dormitory.
  7. Inadequate toilets and washrooms.
  8. Provision of hand wash.
  9. Classrooms.

10.  Staffing: teachers and non-teaching staff are inadequate


2.7.1 Priority issues:

  1. Dormitory is the first in the list to create room for classrooms and adequate facilities for girls’ boarding.
  2. Kitchen
  3. Staff houses
  4. Ablution block
  5. Classrooms
  6. Library
  7. School bus


2.7.2 Short term issues:

Hand wash facilities

Title deed